Post-Revolutionary Cultural Diplomacy in the Mexico-United States Relationship During the 1920s


The most important variable to explain Mexican foreign policy is being neighbor of the United States. The promulgation of the 1917 Mexican constitution generated a complex situation in the U.S.-Mexico relationship in the 1920s. This article argues that Mexico used its cultural diplomacy to contain the tensions with the United States and facilitate bilateral negotiations. To do so, it first analyzes the Mexican cultural diplomacy strategy. Then, it studies the concrete policy actions implemented to diffuse the Mexican culture in the United States. Finally, it evaluates the execution of these cultural diplomacy strategies, identifying significant changes in the attitudes of relevant U.S. actors towards Mexico, as well as an increased cooperation between the two countries.

Author Biographies

José María Sierra Arellano

José María Sierra Arellano has been an Assistant Researcher at the International Studies Division of CIDE since 2018, where he works on the areas of international relations, diplomacy, and foreign policy, especially Mexican cultural diplomacy in historical perspective in the U.S.-Mexico relationship. He holds a B.A. in Political Science and International Relations from CIDE, and is currentely a member of the Community Affairs area of the Mexican General Consulate in Chicago.

Jorge A. Schiavon, CIDE

Jorge A. Schiavon is Professor of International Relations at the International Studies Department, CIDE (Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas) since 1999. He has been Chair of the International Studies Department (2007-2010), Secretary General (Vice-Rector) of CIDE (2004-2007) and President of the Mexican International Studies Association (AMEI in Spanish) (2011-2013). He has published over 200 academic products on international relations and foreign policy, of which 25 are academic books. He is member of the National Researchers System (SNI) in Mexico, level II. He holds a B.A. in International Relations (El Colegio de México), and a M.A. in Political Science and Ph.D. in Political Science and International Affairs (University of California, San Diego, UCSD).

How to Cite
Sierra Arellano, J., & Schiavon, J. (2022). Post-Revolutionary Cultural Diplomacy in the Mexico-United States Relationship During the 1920s. Norteamérica, Revista Académica Del CISAN-UNAM, 17(1).