Norteamérica, Revista Académica del CISAN-UNAM <p dir="ltr">Norteamérica is a semiannual peer-reviewed journal regarding multi and interdisciplinary academic studies about the North America region (Mexico, United States and Canada) which consider the region itself as an object of study, along with its evolution, their individual processes and internal dynamics. An analysis of the reality of each of the three nations is thematically linked with the rest of the region.</p> en-US <p><span>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</span><br /><br />Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p><p>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</p><p>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</p> (José Luis Valdés Ugalde) (Juan Carlos Tarriba) Wed, 12 Jan 2022 19:36:46 -0600 OJS 60 Post-Revolutionary Cultural Diplomacy in the Mexico-United States Relationship During the 1920s <p>The most important variable to explain Mexican foreign policy is being neighbor of the United States. The promulgation of the 1917 Mexican constitution generated a complex situation in the U.S.-Mexico relationship in the 1920s. This article argues that Mexico used its cultural diplomacy to contain the tensions with the United States and facilitate bilateral negotiations. To do so, it first analyzes the Mexican cultural diplomacy strategy. Then, it studies the concrete policy actions implemented to diffuse the Mexican culture in the United States. Finally, it evaluates the execution of these cultural diplomacy strategies, identifying significant changes in the attitudes of relevant U.S. actors towards Mexico, as well as an increased cooperation between the two countries.</p> José María Sierra Arellano, Jorge A. Schiavon ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 13 Jan 2022 12:49:21 -0600 The Essentialist Critique in Interdisciplinary Studies in the USA. About the Process of Integrating a common ground in Interdisciplinary Research. <p>A review of the current literature on interdisciplinary studies in the United States of America (USA) indicates that the notions of common ground and integration, as ontological keys of the interdisciplinary essence, are generating a wide epistemological dispute between two academic fronts: On the other hand, the supporters of the "integrationist" approach, and, on the other, the defenders of the process of "general application" of interdisciplinary studies. Considering both positions, this article analyzes some of the most developed critical formulations regarding the role played by both common ground and integration in the process of implementing interdisciplinary research. First, the text analyzes the narrative keys that have historically sustained the American “integrationist tradition”. Then, discusses the antagonistic critical positions, based on the “generalist approach”. It closes by evaluating what are they, and what do they consist of, the central meta-theoretical assumptions that support both fronts.</p> Gustavo Adolfo León-Duarte ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 18 Jan 2022 00:00:00 -0600 Migrant Entrepreneurs. A Theoretical and State-of-the-art Approach to its Study <p>The migrant businessmen spirit, the migrant entrepreneur in the destination society, is a phenomenon that has been analyzed at some length, theoretically and empirically, from different social and economic disciplines, however, not so much from the point of view of history, mainly in the United States and Europe, and even when outstanding research has been carried out from the Mexican academy, there persist interesting issues to analyze. The reality of the international migrant is heterogeneous, multifaceted and shows a corollary of effects and impacts on the society of destination and origin. The objective of this research is to analyze theoretically, conceptually, and take stock of the literature on migrant entrepreneurship. The methodology used is the documentary, bibliographic and hemerographic review of what has been analyzed around the world on the business and investment realities of international migrants. In Mexico, it has not yet been prolifically investigated, despite the growth in recent decades of Mexican migrant entrepreneurs in the United States. With this, an attempt is made to approach this topic, since in Mexico there is much to reveal on this particular matter</p> Eduardo Fernández Guzmán ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:44:24 -0600 North American Borders in Comparative Perspective during COVID Times <p>After the partial closure of the Canada-U.S. and Mexico-U.S. borders due to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, &nbsp;and considering a new vision of border management that has been evolving since 1994, the face of North American borders is changing today. The future of the Canada-U.S. border will essentially differ from that of the Mexico-U.S. border. The first one might become more tenuous, while the border that divides Mexico and the United States will be probably fortified. Such a divergence is directly connected to the structural inequalities that characterize this region magnified by the pandemic. The present article examines North American borders in comparative perspective during COVID times. This comparative exercise focuses on four main thematic areas: trade, human mobility/migration, security and public health.</p> Guadalupe Correa-Cabrera, Victor Konrad ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 17 Dec 2021 00:00:00 -0600 Trumpian populism: legitimizing chaos and right-wing nationalism as a political strategy <p>Since 2015, Donald Trump has impacted American politics and the international system with his incendiary rhetoric. During his campaign and administration, Trump broke with convention in his communication style. Trump rose to power by championing white, conservative Christians, using a highly nationalistic narrative, maintaining a populist ideology, and drawing support from least privileged sectors in rural areas. The 45<sup>th</sup> president was able to mobilize the impoverished white vote, but also different sectors of the most affluent classes by implementing favorable fiscal policies benefiting the richest sector of the population. In this article, we explore the creation of Trumpian populism as a concept originated by this political leader and his influence on the American electorate. We use storytelling to examine how Trump has successfully polarized the United States’ political arena, and undoubtedly, cast a shadow on the legitimacy of the electoral system.</p> José Antonio Cisneros Tirado, Anantha Babbili ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 17 Dec 2021 12:08:27 -0600 User Engagement and Activism on the DACA Hashtag: An Analysis of Tweets <p class="AOPmetresumenabstract"><span lang="X-NONE" style="font-size: 11.0pt;">Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals directly impacts about 700,000 people residing in the United States, most of whom immigrated from Mexico. This research presents a content analysis of tweets from the DACA hashtag on three crucial days pertaining to ending DACA, examining stakeholders’ uses of the hashtag and engagement with it. Results showed significant differences in the level of engagement by different stakeholders but not between those who supported, opposed or were neutral toward DACA. However, there were significant differences between the different stakeholders as well as between the groups with regards to call for action. The study provides a better understanding of user engagement and activism via Twitter in public debate that could potentially result in policy changes. </span></p> Sandhya Rao, Daniel Carter, Vanessa de Macedo Higgins Joyce, Eun Jeong Lee ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 07 Dec 2021 00:00:00 -0600 Racism and everyday life: experiences of Mexican migrants in California <p>In this article, two phenomena closely related to racism are analyzed: segregation and discrimination of the immigrant population from Mexico. Based on the analysis of 15 experiences of immigrant women and men, it is revealed how racialization is expressed in the patterns of settlement, at work, and in everyday life in different California cities. It is assumed that the socio-spatial segregation and discrimination of the immigrant population from Mexico is deeply linked to race -as a category of primary inequality. Immigration status often justifies inequality when it comes to the immigrant population, but it also hides the effect of racial relations and hierarchies that have defined and maintained the position of groups. The results show what is life like in segregated contexts and the forms of discrimination faced by Mexican immigrants.</p> Judith Pérez-Soria ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 17 Jan 2022 17:30:12 -0600