Norteamérica, Revista Académica del CISAN-UNAM <p dir="ltr">Norteamérica is a semiannual peer-reviewed journal regarding multi and interdisciplinary academic studies about the North America region (Mexico, United States and Canada) which consider the region itself as an object of study, along with its evolution, their individual processes and internal dynamics. An analysis of the reality of each of the three nations is thematically linked with the rest of the region.</p> Centro de Investigaciones sobre América del Norte - Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Méxic en-US Norteamérica, Revista Académica del CISAN-UNAM 1870-3550 <p><span>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</span><br /><br />Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p><p>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</p><p>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</p> West vs East: Civic-political Factors leading to Differentiated Results against SARSCoV2. <p class="AOPmetresumenabstract"><span lang="X-NONE">The impact of SARSCoV2 have been geographically differentiated. In general terms, the highest rates of infections, deaths and lethality take place in the West as opposed to what is observed in the East. In this paper, an approach to the pandemic is made from the point of view of the civic-political culture, by taking into account the predominance that the individual has in Western nations compared to the relevance that the collectivity/community has in Eastern nations, and through the use of a model based on a triple analysis: geographical-civilizational considerations, political philosophy and political regime. Eleven countries are analyzed according to Samuel Huntington's civilizing typology: four western, five non-western countries and two split or hybrid countries. Our conclusions suggests that countries where civic-political freedoms around the community predominate have had a lower incidence of infections / deaths during the current pandemic. The analysis reveals the importance of civic-political culture in dealing with emergencies such as the SARSCoV2 pandemic.</span></p> Daniel Añorve Añorve María Cristina Rosas González ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-03-01 2022-03-01 17 2 10.22201/cisan.24487228e.2022.2.515 Envisioning Voluntary (Re)patriation to Ancestral Lands for Latinos in the United States <p>The aim of this study is to empirically analyze the attitudes of U.S.-based Latin American migrants toward return migration and the attitudes toward permanent emigration of their U.S.-born descendants. Through a quantitative analysis using data from a national survey conducted on U.S. territory, we demonstrate that "American/U.S." identity, "Latino" identity, the confines of Americanism, and experiences with racial-ethnic discrimination determine the willingness of U.S.-based Latinos to emigrate and relocate to their country of origin or ancestry. For Mexican Americans or "Chicanos" the factors that have the greatest impact on their willingness to migrate are the attachment to the "American" identity and the belief that to be American one has to be white. Meanwhile, non-Mexican migrants are more likely to contemplate emigration if they have been discriminated against in the US.</p> Xavier Medina Vidal José Tránsito Ayala Rodríguez ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-03-15 2022-03-15 17 2 10.22201/cisan.24487228e.2022.2.474 Wage Precariousness in the Automotive Industry in Mexico. Pending gaps before the new labor governance of the T-MEC. <p>Given the possibility that an automotive company located in Mexico could be accused of social dumping if it does not respect the rules of the T-MEC and the internal norms on freedom of association and bargaining, which require union representativeness and workers' support for collective bargaining, it could be expected that future negotiations will establish explicit criteria aimed at wage recovery. In this context, it is important to consider by how much wages should be raised in order to avoid becoming precarious in the automotive industry. Given the existing wage heterogeneity among different companies, derived from regional characteristics and different technological levels and product segments, this article asks how generalized or specific the wage determination in future union negotiations should be. To provide an answer, this article compares living wages calculated for companies located in different regions, with different country of origin, seniority, market segment and production volume. From this exercise, wage gaps are identified that can serve as a reference in negotiations under the new T-MEC labor regulations. The article performs an ad hoc adaptation of the living wage methodology of Anker and Anker (2017) in plants in Aguascalientes (Nissan I and II), Hermosillo (Ford), Puebla (VW), San Luis Potosí (General Motors) and Toluca (Chrysler-Fiat), calculated for 2017 and 2019.</p> Humberto García Jorge Carrillo Graciela Bensusán ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-03-17 2022-03-17 17 2 10.22201/cisan.24487228e.2022.2.559