Norteamérica, Revista Académica del CISAN-UNAM 2020-07-06T13:29:23-05:00 José Luis Valdés Ugalde Open Journal Systems <p dir="ltr">Norteamérica is a semiannual peer-reviewed journal regarding multi and interdisciplinary academic studies about the North America region (Mexico, United States and Canada) which consider the region itself as an object of study, along with its evolution, their individual processes and internal dynamics. An analysis of the reality of each of the three nations is thematically linked with the rest of the region.</p> Energy security in Mexico, the United States and Canada from 1980 to 2016: The centrality of oil and the incorporation of environmental issues 2020-07-06T13:29:23-05:00 Isabel Rodríguez Peña Alicia Puyana Mutis <p class="AOPmetresumenabstract"><span lang="X-NONE">The OPEC oil embargo of October 1973 gave rise to the concept of Energy Security (ES), focused on guaranteeing the economic supply of fuels. It gradually included environmental, governance and equity issues and the complexity of the concept, policies and measurement methods increased. With a focus on political economy, this essay examines this trajectory, and selects variables to construct three related and independent ES indexes: Petroleum Security (PSI), Energy Diversity (EDI) and Energy Transition (ETI) and applies them for the period 1980 -2016, to Canada, the United States and Mexico, countries with historical social and economic ties, including energy. The results indicate the centrality of oil in the SE and the benefits of building independent indexes for each considered country and context.</span></p> 2020-07-06T13:26:01-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Trade opportunities within MIKTA: A Macroeconomic comparative analysis between Mexico, Indonesia and Turkey (2000-2019) 2020-07-01T15:26:53-05:00 Gerardo Reyes Guzmán Marco Antonio Escobar Acevedo Perla Esperanza Rostro Hernández Damaris León Pérez <p>This paper aims at exploring trade opportunities between Mexico, Indonesia, and Turkey, presently members of MIKTA, by comparing their respective Macroeconomic and socio-economic variables. We use the GDP per capita as a key indicator of productivity and market size to see which MIKTA members are similar and therefore have a potential to set trade and business projects among them. To do that we conducted an ANOVA test and skiped Australia and South Korea of the analysis due to their high income per capita. We then focused on Mexico, Indonesia, and Turkey, whose economies proved to be equivalent and compared their key macroeconomic and social indicators, outstanding their most competitive sectors, commodities, foreign trade, and trade partners. A total of 87 observations were rated from one to three to identify which country was better. Mexico scored 205 points followed by Indonesia with 164 and Turkey, 153 points. Finally, we ran a second ANOVA test, taking the value of all observations in a logarithmic scale to prove that in spite of the different scores, the mean of the three countries was equal. The results are relevant as the three of them present a wide business scope to be exploited, which could allow them to lead the MIKTA in the coming decades.</p> 2020-07-01T15:26:26-05:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##