Energy security in Mexico, the United States and Canada from 1980 to 2016: The centrality of oil and the incorporation of environmental issues

  • Isabel Rodríguez Peña Universidad Anáhuac campus norte
  • Alicia Puyana Mutis Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, sede México.


The OPEC oil embargo of October 1973 gave rise to the concept of Energy Security (ES), focused on guaranteeing the economic supply of fuels. It gradually included environmental, governance and equity issues and the complexity of the concept, policies and measurement methods increased. With a focus on political economy, this essay examines this trajectory, and selects variables to construct three related and independent ES indexes: Petroleum Security (PSI), Energy Diversity (EDI) and Energy Transition (ETI) and applies them for the period 1980 -2016, to Canada, the United States and Mexico, countries with historical social and economic ties, including energy. The results indicate the centrality of oil in the SE and the benefits of building independent indexes for each considered country and context.


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How to Cite
Rodríguez Peña, I., & Puyana Mutis, A. (2020). Energy security in Mexico, the United States and Canada from 1980 to 2016: The centrality of oil and the incorporation of environmental issues. Norteamérica, Revista Académica Del CISAN-UNAM, 15(2).